Beer is a fermented alcoholic beverage made from water, hops, barley and yeast. It generally contains 3- 8% of alcohol, compared to an average of 12 percent in wine and about 40 to 50 percent in hard liquor. Beer has a rich history: It’s one of the oldest beverages that humans have produced. The Ebla tablets, which date back to 2500 BCE in Mesopotamia, reveal that brewing beer was a popular occupation for women. Beer made from baked barley bread was part of the daily diet of Egyptian pharaohs. The first brewers were mostly women, and colonial women ran most of the ancient beer halls and taverns. The Greeks viewed wine as a manly drink, while beer was seen as feminine and less classy.
Pulque is a Mexican beer that contains 14% alcohol. Beer is basically an un-distilled beverage and contains many nutrients like carbohydrates and protein. Beer contains modest amounts of niacin, folate, vitamin B6, and some minerals. A hop is the shrub whose buds are used in making of beer which gives froth, stability and bitterness. Beer contains a smoky taste due to these hops. Hops contain polyphenols, which help lower cholesterol, fight cancer and kill viruses. Beer is full of water. It contains nearly 93% of water. According to a Spanish study, beer may actually provide better hydration than H2O alone when you’re sweating it out under the sun.
In a study of men who had undergone bypass surgery, researchers found that those who drank 355 ml of beer a day were less likely to form blood clots. Also, beer drinkers were at a reduced risk for heart attacks and strokes. A 355 ml bottle of ordinary beer provides five to ten percent of the recommended daily doses of these vitamins, as well as a fair amount of chromium and selenium. Beer contains vitamin B (B1, B2, B6, and B12). Vitamin B12 is an anti-anemic factor not found in many types of food.
Drinking too much can cause unwanted weight gain and obesity increases the risk of many long-term health effects like liver problems, kidney diseases and heart disease. Drinking one liter of beer may yield up to 600 calories. Also, beer acts as a diuretic, causing the body to flush out fluids. Excessive consumption can wash away important vitamins and minerals before the body can absorb them.
To curb your guzzling watch what you eat with beer. Beer is often served with nuts, potato chips, pretzels, and other salty food. Because these increase feelings of thirst, they may cause you to drink more. Food that is high in protein, vitamins, and minerals and moderate in fat are better alternatives. For example, try having eggs, meat, poultry, seafood, or whole-grains to accompany your drink.
There are two types of beer:
- Lager which is a light color beer and
- Ale which is a dark beer.
Dark beer has more antioxidants that help to reduce the process of cellular damage that occurs naturally in the body. A recent study published in the Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture has also found that dark beer has higher iron content compared to lighter beers. Iron is an essential mineral that our bodies need. Iron is a part of all cells and does many jobs including carrying oxygen from our lungs throughout the rest of our bodies. Beer, especially dark beer, pours up about a gram of soluble fiber in each 12-ounce bottle. Fiber helps lower your levels of LDL, the “bad” kind of cholesterol.
Beer used in moderate way has several health benefits, such as:
- Weight gain
- It Increases your appetite. You will like to eat a lot after drinking beer.
- If you drink in moderate amount, it is refreshing
- Researchers at the University of Montreal found out that beer reduces stress. wo glasses of beer a day can reduce work-related stress or anxiety
- Kidney stone: A Finland studyfound that beer had more kidney benefits than other alcoholic drinks; each bottle of beer that men consumed daily lowered their risk of developing kidney stones by 40%.
- Beer, especially dark beer, pours up about a gram of soluble fiber in each 12-ounce bottle. Fiber helps lower your levels of LDL, the “bad” kind of cholesterol.
- A Dutch studyfound that people who drink beer have 30% higher levels of vitamin B6 levels in their blood. It also contains vitamin B12 and folic acid.
- Recent study recommends “moderate consumption” of beer as part of an athlete’s diet.
- Beer can serve as a cure for insomnia. Lactoflavin and nicotinic acid, which are both present in beer, can promote sleep!
- Study says beer boosts memory. Beer drinkers are less likely to suffer from Alzheimer’s disease and dementia than non-beer drinkers.
- Stronger bones: Beer contains silicon which is good for bones. A 2009 study found that high levels of silicon in beer can be good for your bone density.
- Study says beer reduces your risk of a heart attack. Beer drinkers have a 40 to 60 percent reduced risk of suffering a heart attack compared with non-beer drinkers.
- Wine is fine for your heart, but beer may be even better: A Harvard studyof 70,000 women ages 25 to 40 found that moderate beer drinkers were less likely to develop high blood pressure—a major risk factor for heart attack—than women who sipped wine or spirits.